Our project: Animal transports, markets, slaughter and husbandries in Qatar
Qatar is a peninsula in the Middle East bordering with the Persian Gulf and sharing land borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is a small country with a total area of 11,586 sq. km. Being a desert nation, Qatar is a water-scarce and arid region. It has a dry, subtropical desert climate, with low annual rainfall and intensely hot and humid summers. The average summer temperature is around 42°C buts it’s not unusual to reach 50°C.
Qatar has only little arable land. The agriculture production accounts for only 1% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Its agricultural products are vegetables, cereals, fruits and dates, eggs, dairy products and Qatar has its own "poultry production".
Despite a noticeable increase in agricultural production in the course of the past 20 years, Qatar continues to rely on food imports. This includes the import of live animals for food production and breeding. Live animals represent approximately 10% of all imports to Qatar. Mainly sheep but also goats, cattle and camels are imported to Qatar among others from Australia, different African countries and on a smaller scale also from Europe.
The Qatari "farm" animal herd consists of camels, sheep and goats, cows, poultry. Broilers and eggs are produced by one company which covers about 20% of national need. The Qatari Government strongly supports animal husbandry. The food is subsidized and there is free veterinary care and medicine supply for all animal keepers.
Qatar has not yet any specific animal welfare legislation. However, the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), to which Qatar belongs, are currently elaborating a common animal welfare law. Even though the Qatari government is confident that the law will come into force soon, unfortunately this is questionable due to the difficult political situation within the GCC.
Qatar is member of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and thus committed itself to comply with the OIE animal welfare standards. Even though in many aspects Qatar does not yet meet these standards, a strong will to improve the situation can be noticed. E.g., in the view of the forthcoming GCC animal welfare law, Qatar established a unit at the public prosecution office specialized in animal welfare issues and environmental law. Furthermore, Qatar has issued ordinances to improve the situation of the animals sold at the famous “Souk Waqif” including the prohibition to sell cats and dogs.
Thus, even if especially “farm” animal welfare is not yet a subject in Qatar there seems to be the ground for a positive development.
What we want to archive:
- As one of the richest countries in the world, "Qatar deserves the best..." animal welfare standards.